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Mainstreaming adaptation into local development plans in Vietnam

Focusing on two adaptation projects in Vietnam − a climate change vulnerability assessment in the Cat Khanh Commune, Binh Dinh province, and efforts to mainstream adaptation in the Binh Dinh province’s fishery sector − this study finds that activities to mainstream adaptation benefitted significantly from previously undertaken activities, particularly climate change training and vulnerability assessment. Several difficulties were identified in relation to mainstreaming adaptation in the Binh Dinh province, including: limited availability of accurate data; limited knowledge of adaptation amongst stakeholders (at both the provincial and commune levels); lack of local officers to conduct mainstreaming exercises; and lack of official guidelines for mainstreaming climate change adaptation. The paper argues that successful mainstreaming of adaptation requires a participatory approach, with a wide range of stakeholders working together with experts, exchanging ideas and building mutual trust.