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Linking Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management for sustainable poverty reduction. Synthesis report

This report presents a cross-cutting summary of country study findings and workshop deliberations on linking climate change adaptation and disaster risk management for sustainable poverty reduction. It uses examples from Mexico, Kenya and Vietnam to provide insights into how a more integrated approach to disaster risk management and climate change adaptation can be built.

The study explores several key components of climate resilient development covering the generation and communication of climate risk and vulnerability information, institutional capacity and coordination, grassroot capacity and community level involvement and financing of disaster risk reduction and adaptation to climate change. The study reveals the important advances in each of these components and also highlights major impediments to progress and elements that need strengthening if integration is to succeed.

The paper presents the following recommendations highlighting key components:

Information packaging and communication

  • Improve the spatial and temporal coverage of climate data
  • Increase use of existing data sources and strengthen integration of climate and hazard data with social and economic data
  • Create forums for communication between science and local agencies
  • Enhance climate modelling capacity, with emphasis on investment in regional initiatives
  • Support greater application of sector-specific risk assessment tools
  • Use risk information to apply land-use planning as a tool for adaptive disaster risk reduction
  • Ensure continuous monitoring and updating of risk information to enhance flexibility

Incorporating livelihood resilience

  • Strengthen local level capacity to initiate and implement adaptive measures
  • Critically assess the potential role of traditional practices in managing disaster risk
  • Tackle underlying vulnerability and livelihood resilience as an adaptive measure

Coordination

  • Build and strengthen coordination networks at different scales
  • Promote political leadership to build lasting political momentum toward integration
  • Develop mechanisms for coordination and integration that target specific development themes

Financing

  • Build a financial case for adaptation in national budgets and ensure that planning and finance ministries are involved in the process
  • Promote access to external funding sources for disaster risk reduction and adaptation
  • Promote private sector adaptation mechanisms

Creating an enabling environment

  • Demonstrate the benefits of taking action by finding entry points for adaptation projects
  • Develop high-level policy dialogue on integration between donors and governments