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Legal frameworks for ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change in the Pacific islands

This report analyses the legal aspects of ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change focusing on the Pacific island countries. It underscores that ecosystem-based adaptation can provide cost-effective strategies for reducing vulnerability to climate change impacts and enhance ecosystem resilience. The analysis examines the way in which environmental governance operates in the Pacific islands, including six brief legal case studies. The case studies provide a snapshot of the relevant legal frameworks in the selected jurisdictions in order to assess the suitability of those frameworks for providing a legally robust basis for ecosystem-based adaptation. The report shows that appropriate legal mechanisms developed at the national level can play a key role in promoting adaptation, especially through restoring and maintaining ecosystem resilience.