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Interventions for achieving sustainability in tropical forest and agricultural landscapes

The rapid expansion of commodity agriculture in tropical forest landscapes is a key  driver of deforestation. To meet the growing demand from a more prosperous and  expanding global population, it is imperative to develop sustainable commodity  supply chains that support higher agricultural productivity, and that enable improved environmental, economic, and social outcomes. Interventions by  community, market, and state actors can enhance the sustainability of supply  chains by affecting where and how agricultural production occurs. These  interventions—in the form of novel or moderated institutions and policies,  incentives, or information—can influence producers directly or achieve their impacts indirectly by influencing consumer, retailer, and processor decisions.

This study used global  datasets to document the trends in deforestation and commodity agriculture production to compare and explain the impacts of  different types of supply chain interventions.