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Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and corruption

There is evidence that corruption takes many forms and facilitates IUU fishing in Africa throughout the fisheries chain. From the payment of bribes to use prohibited fishing gear or to continue fishing in illegal areas without punishment, to conflicts of interest between law enforcement officials and IUU fishers, corruption is hampering law enforcement in Africa and allowing IUU fishers to operate to the  detriment of small-scale fishers, the environment and citizens in general.