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Gender and climate change adaptation in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh: a preliminary analysis

This report outlines important gender issues in climate change adaptation and agriculture, presenting preliminary findings of an analysis carried out in India.

General findings include:

  • women’s traditional role as the primary users and managers of natural resources mean that they are involved in and dependent on resources that are put most at risk by climate change
  • women lack rights and access to resources and information vital to overcoming challenges posed by climate change; therefore, they are likely to be disproportionately affected by the adverse impacts of these change
  • nevertheless, women possess valuable knowledge of natural resources and when given the opportunity, they can give valuable inputs to adaptation strategies

Concerning India, findings are that:

  • women’s involvement in agricultural work is most common in India
  • responsibility for adaptation is likely to fall on women’s shoulders, including finding alternative ways to feed their family 
  • climate changes are affecting women’s labour as they go without employment for longer periodsand in some years are forced to migrate to nearby cities for employment
  • change in cropping patterns due to climate changes is altering the roles and responsibilities of women farmers; the degree of change differs depending upon the new patterns