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Enhancing South-South and triangular cooperation: study of the current situation and existing good practices in policy, institutions, and operation of South-South and triangular cooperation

South-South and triangular cooperation has become a major subject of international development discussions. One of the key issues identified in such discussions is the lack of information on South-South and triangular cooperation implemented by different parties and the need to promote knowledge-sharing on the practices of South-South and triangular cooperation, especially existing good practice. This paper examines practices of South-South cooperation in several areas identified as key challenges and constraints by various conferences and studies. These issues are: policy and institutional framework; comparative advantages; demand-driven approach; sustainability; and achievement of results. The methodology of the study consisted of: a survey of pivotal and beneficiary countries, as well as donor and international organisations; case studies of good practices in twelve pivotal countries and four beneficiary countries; and a synthesis of the results of the survey and case studies.