The main objective of this publication is to make visible the inherent gender issues in the experience, management and adaptation to risk in the Caribbean region. The development dilemma posed by climate change cannot be addressed adequately without analysing and responding to how these risks impact women and men differently. Each have distinct socially prescribed roles with corresponding activities, resulting in a differentiated lived experience. In order for risk management polices and practices to be effective, these differences – as well as the varied coping and adaptation strategies - must be taken into account. We can learn lessons on how best to undertake this necessary adaptation if we examine these practices and understand better their relation to each gender.