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Comparative analysis of climate change vulnerability assessments: Lessons from Tunisia and Indonesia

Vulnerability assessments (VAs) are central to shaping climate change adaptation decisions, providing a basis for devising measures that will minimise or avoid harm to humans and ecological systems. Yet the wide variety of VA approaches can be confusing for practitioners, creating uncertainty about the ‘right’ approach. This paper reviews and compares VAs undertaken in Indonesia and Tunisia to distil key approaches, components and lessons. It begins with a general overview of definitions, approaches and challenges with conducting VAs, and then proposes a framework for analysing and comparing them. The framework looks at four components of VAs: framing, process of conducting the Vas, inputs and outputs. The framework is then applied to analyse the assessments carried out in Tunisia and Indonesia. The report concludes with observations on differences and similarities between the VAs, as well as lessons learned that can inform the design and execution of future assessments.