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Climate change vulnerability and the use of indigenous technologies for adaptation among smallholder farming communities in sub Saharan Africa

This study presents empirical evidence on whether and how smallholder farming communities are experiencing climate change variability and impacts, as well as the indigenous technologies they have adopted to respond to these effects. The study was conducted in three sub-Saharan African countries: Nigeria, Tanzania and Sierra Leone. The findings reveal that the most common indigenous technologies that have been continually applied by the farming communities in these countries include: multiple cropping to diversify production; early or late planting; mulching to retain soil moisture, texture and fertility; terrace building to prevent soil erosion; use of fertilizers; and prayers for God’s intervention among others. Although most indigenous technologies have been considered effective in coping with climate variability in the past, it remains unclear on how effective they will be in the light of further warming.