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Climate change: information and suggestions [Bangladesh]

This paper attempts to provide an understanding of the basic process of climate change, the way people are contributing to it and what they can do to reverse the process.

The paper starts by giving a brief history about carbon and the greenhouse effect or global warming. The author then moves onto the causes of climate change being the man-made industrial pollutants, especially carbon, and the cutting down of forests, which thus limits the ability to absorb that carbon. The author also identifies the main polluters with the highest CO2 emissions as being the US, China and Russia.

As the rich countries continue to expand their own energy use, developing countries require more energy. The author argues that the greatest need for energy reduction is not needed from the poorest countries. The author explains the potential consequences and costs of the climate change that amounts to tens of trillion of dollars. According to her, the only way to reduce carbon emissions is to change to other sources of energy and to drastically reduce consumption. In this effect, the author discerns some positive trends over the years as carbon emissions per watt of energy produced are less due to the shift from coal to gas and oil and increasingly clean and efficienct technology.

The author ends with some suggestions for Bangladesh and other similar countries, which contribute little to worldwide carbon emissions, but are already suffering greatly from climate change:

  • lobbying the major polluters in the world to cut back drastically on their carbon emissions
  • providing moral leadership and a practical example by following a development path that allows for better lifestyle without drastically increased energy consumption
  • establishing a conservation-minded approach that focuses on quality of life, rather than on increased energy use