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Climate adaptation in Asia: knowledge gaps and research issues in South Asia

The report presents South Asia-wide review of climate change adaptation research, intended to identify present knowledge, gaps on adaptation and application including the practice of research. The study explores how groups in the vulnerable areas of the region are likely to experience stresses from impacts of climate change.

This analysis is based on information from the literature, interviews with key informants, and regional consultations involving local and national experts (researchers, civil society institutions, donors and local government officials). These discussions provided the team with information about existing and planned adaptation research in South Asia as well as climate change impacts, particularly on vulnerable people in vulnerable places. Findings are based on consultative meetings in seven South Asian capitals in 2008.

Key conclusions:

  • Ongoing environmental degradation threatens both the capacity of provisioning of basic services and traditional livelihoods base
  • Change processes including climate change represent challenges to conventional knowledge systems that would enable responses to emerging constraints.
  • Disconnected research on individual themes has little chance of contributing to action on the ground or the formulation of effective policies.