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Asian perspectives on climate regime beyond 2012: concerns, interests and priorities

This publication details a series of stakeholder consultations focussing on the post-Kyoto climate regime in China, India, Indonesia, Japan, the Republic of Korea and Viet Nam, as well as the broader Asia-Pacific Region. The aim of these surveys was to ascertain the concerns and priorities of various countries in relation to a future climate regime. There was a consensus that previous discussions on the climate regime were conducted in a non-transparent manner and did not adequately consider Asian interests and development needs, and it was emphasised that future discussions on the design of the climate regime beyond 2012 should consider such interests and priorities more effectively than before, especially in view of the region’s growing influence on energy demands and GHG emissions due to rapid economic and population growth rates.

Stakeholder agreement was found in many countries on issues such as:

  • the need for considering climate concerns in a development context
  • streamlining of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)
  • enhancing the focus on climate adaptation through building on existing funding mechanisms
  • the development, deployment and diffusion of climate-friendly technologies

However, differences were evident in such issues such as:

  • ways of considering equity in the future climate regime
  • the form, time and kind of involvement of developing countries
  • approaches to and funding for facilitating adaptation

The authors consider that both creativity and innovation are necessary to adequately reflect the above concerns and interests of the Asia-Pacific in the design of future climate regime. They further recommend, among others, that:

  • future regime discussions strengthen linkages between development and climate
  • developed countries take the leadership in demonstrating that economic and social development can indeed be climate-friendly
  • discussions with Asian developing countries identify ways to involve them in a progressive and staged manner
  • future regime discussions give more focus on creating incentives for technology transfer and options for strengthening existing international technology cooperation agreements
  • future discussions create innovative financing options to support GHG mitigation, adaptation, South-South technology transfer, and capacity-building of Asian negotiators
  • adaptation is promoted by creating mechanisms, incentives and policies for encouraging both public and private sector investments
  • future regime discussions deliberate on creating additional means for strengthening human and institutional capacities in the region.