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Analysis of farmers’ adaptation strategies to climate change in cocoa production in Kwara State

Changing climate and weather patterns are predicted to have severe negative impacts on food production, food security and natural resources in the immediate and coming years. Climate change alters the development of cocoa pods, insect pests and pathogens which translate into lower crop yields and impact farm income. This study examined the climate change adaptation strategies of cocoa producing farmers in Kwara State, Nigeria.

Findings include: most farmers observed an extension beyond the normal dry months: November-February. The main climate change strategies adopted by farmers include praying for rain, use of improved varieties, climate prediction, changes in cropping pattern and agro-forestry, controlling soil erosion and fertilizer application. Inadequate irrigation and crop diversification constituted minor strategies. Cocoa farmers’ climate change strategies were not statistically related with cocoa production practices. Most of the strategies and practices currently used by farmers should be improved to ensure appropriate agronomic practices and climate change adaptation.