Adaptive capacities of farmers to climate change adaptation strategies and their effects on rice production in the northern region of Ghana
This study examines the adaptive capacities of farmers to climate change adaptation strategies and their effects on rice production in the northern region of Ghana. The adaptive capacities of rice farmers were estimated quantitatively and categorised into high, moderate and low adaptive capacities. Double logarithmic regression model of Cobb-Douglas production function was used to quantify the effects of adaptive capacities of farmers on rice production. On the average, the study finds that farmers are moderately adaptive to climate change. Moreover, rice farmers with high adaptive capacities obtained nine more 50 kilogram bags of paddy rice than farmers with low adaptive capacities. Therefore, a farmer’s adaptive capacity directly correlates to the number of bags of rice he or she obtains. The study recommends that rice farmers in Ghana should be empowered through better extension services in order to attain a higher adaptive capacity status, thus helping them to obtain more rice.