Strategic climate and water consultant, Gavin Quibell, asks whether our infrastructure decisions are promoting sustainable and climate resilient poverty or development? [more...]
Mozambique is a country in the south-east of the African continent, bordered by Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Swaziland. It is acutely vulnerable to climate change and its vulnerability is set to increase between 2010 and 2030 (DARA; Climate Vulnerability Monitor, 2012). It is ranked 178th on the Human Development Index (UNDP; Human Development Index, 2014). Mozambique’s CO2 emissions are 0.1 tonnes per capita while the global average is 4.9 tonnes per capita (World Bank; World Development Indicators: Energy dependency, efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions, 2010).
While Mozambique is a resource rich country in oil, gas and titanium, a long-standing civil war between 1977-1992 has severely hindered its development. Poverty is widespread, with more than 50% of Mozambicans living on less than $1 a day. Since the end of the civil war, Mozambique’s economy has been growing at a rapid pace. Its growth is largely through agriculture, but also manufacturing of food and beverages, chemicals, aluminium and petroleum. Climate change poses serious threats to the wellbeing of the population, who suffered severe floods and droughts in 2000-2002, which affected over one quarter of the population. Therefore, seeking climate compatible development strategies is key to its future resilience.