Via Apriyani and M. Rayhan Krisnadi give their insights into the role that youth can play in addressing climate change challenges in Indonesia. They are both student activists at Universitas Indonesia, and Via is also supporting CDKN’s activities in the country. [more...]
Indonesia is the 4th most populous country in the world and is ranked 108th on the Human Development Index (UNDP; Human Development Index, 2014). Of its population of 242.3million, 12% live below the poverty line. It is a middle-income country experiencing around 6% growth per year. To date, this economic growth has been coupled with large emissions; if land use change and forestry emissions are taken into account, Indonesia is the world’s 3rd largest GHG emitter (World Bank, 2007). With an extremely long and densely populated coastline, and increasing risk of droughts, fires and flooding contributing to food insecurity, Indonesia and its population is particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.
This vulnerability is set to increase between 2010 and 2030 (DARA; Climate Vulnerability Monitor, 2012).
Indonesia is highly vulnerable to climate change and its vulnerability is set to increase between 2010 and 2030 (DARA; Climate Vulnerability Monitor, 2012). The Government of Indonesia has recognised the complex climate compatible development (CCD) challenges it faces. Low carbon growth is high on their agenda and they have made progressive voluntary GHG reduction commitments and developed national and provincial action plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. However, implementation and financing of these plans, in a way which realises co-benefits for poor and vulnerable people, remains a challenge, as does inclusion of adaptation co-benefits. At a provincial and district level, to which certain key planning and delivery responsibilities have been devolved, capacity to act on elements of CCD is relatively low and there is little alignment of provincial action plans and experience and national planning processes.
CDKN is supporting subnational (provincial, district, municipality level) implementation of CCD pilots with the aim of influencing key investment decisions and connecting with and building momentum at national level. There is a focus on stakeholder engagement and capacity building to ensure that pilot CCD projects are learnt from and scaled-up. There is a need to better connect national and subnational processes in Indonesia and that work at the subnational level is relatively less crowded despite there being significant policy and poverty challenges in provinces and districts. Discussions with stakeholders in-country demonstrate a real niche for CDKN to act as a knowledge broker and to drive the sharing of knowledge at provincial and national levels about what works well.