Indonesia is located in Southeast Asia and Oceania and is the fourth most populous country in the world, consisting of over 17, 000 islands and 33 provinces in an archipelago network. As a result, it has 54, 000 kilometres of coastline, making it particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, including sea level rise and extreme weather.
A marked growth in extreme weather events, including floods and droughts, have had severe impacts on Indonesia's poorest communities who have suffered displacement, spread of water-related diseases and loss of livelihoods which are largely based in agriculture or fisheries. Furthermore, food insecurity is a growing problem due to crop failure from droughts. As a result, adaptation and mitigation are vital elements of the country's development planning.
Population: 242 million
Human Development Ranking: 124/187
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