Monitoring impacts of urban and peri-urban agriculture and forestry on climate change adaptation and mitigation
Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture and Forestry (UPA/F) was recognized at the International Tripartite Conference on Urban Challenges and Poverty Reduction in ACP countries as having high potential for improving the urban environment and urban adaptation to climate change (UN-HABITAT 2009). UPA/F is often credited with providing the following benefits:
- Reducing “food miles” by producing fresh food close to urban markets
- Reducing fertilizer use and energy consumption by productive re-use of urban organic wastes
- Recycling wastewater and freeing up water for other uses
- Enhancing rainwater infiltration
- Reducing the urban heat island effect by increasing the surface of green areas
- Enhancing carbon sequestration (urban forests)
- Providing better diets, urban food security, jobs and income
However, for UPA/F to be promoted as an effective component of climate compatible development strategies and plans, and for it to benefit from climate change financing, there is a need for greater empirical evidence and quantification of these benefits.
This project, funded by the CDKN Innovation Fund, consists of a multi-partner alliance, including northern and southern research institutions and content experts, decision-makers and international organisations/networks. They aim to jointly design a conceptual and methodological framework and project proposal for monitoring and quantifying the (potential) climate change mitigation, adaptation and other developmental co-benefits of Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture and Forestry (UPA/F). Where possible, such a framework will build on existing work on GHG inventories and vulnerability assessments. The innovation process will convene key research organisations and international organisations from Kenya, India, Ghana, China , Argentina, The Netherlands and USA to engage in a consultation process with decision-makers in China, Sri Lanka and Argentina. A broader group of project associates with expertise in or interest in project outcomes, will include CDKN, partner cities in the UN-HABITAT Cities and Climate Change Initiative; the RUAF city partners; START regional research networks; the ICLEI-Resilient Cities network and Mayors Adaptation Forum and the World Bank Urban Environment and Climate Change network.
The innovation process involves multi-stakeholder engagement, consultation, policy-research dialogue, exchange and learning around the following topics and activities:
- Open exchanges through social media (open space technology with virtual bulletin boards, World cafés and social media tools)
- Guided exchanges through e-consultation
- Face-to-face workshop with content experts and city partners interested in applying the monitoring framework in a future project
- Dissemination of results through the above mentioned partner associate networks
The outputs of this project include:
- A consolidated list of the (most relevant) potential impacts of UPA/F on climate change adaptation, mitigation and other co-developmental benefits.
- An aggregated list of needs and requirements of city governments and other stakeholders (such as the World Bank and UN-HABITAT) for the monitoring of UPA/F impacts and the use of such data.
- A list of relevant indicators and data sets needed to measure each of the potential impact areas.
- A description of relevant tools/models that can be used to collect and analyse these data, taking into account local needs, available data( and data sources), expertise and financing.
- A consolidated conceptual and methodological framework for monitoring climate change impacts of UPA/F.
- A project proposal focused on actual data gathering, analysis and use for planning and implementation purposes.
- A project synthesis report describing project outcomes.
Lead: Marielle Dubbeling (RUAF Foundation)
Project Partners: Wu Shunze (Chinese Academy for Environmental Planning; Ministry of Environmental Protection). Udaya P. Gammanpila and S.T. Kodikara (Ministry of Agriculture, Agrarian Development, Minor Irrigation, Industries and Environment); Cesar Mackler (Ministry of Water, Public Services and Environment); Priyanie Amerasinghe and Josiane Nikiema (International Water Management Institute); Jianming Cai (Institute of Geographic Sciences & Natural Resources Research); Ruben Piacentini (National University of Rosario; Council of the Science and Technology Center); Wijnand Sukkel and Jan Eelco Jansma (Wageningen University); Ian Tellam (Adaptify); Francisco Escobedo (University of Florida); Dan Hoornweg and Anjalli Acharya (The World Bank); Andrew Rudd (UN-HABITAT)
CDKN Funding: £98,370
Dates: March 2012-August 2012
Regions/Countries: Global (Argentina, China, Ghana, India, Kenya, The Netherlands and USA)
Type: Innovation Process Project, CDKN Innovation Fund (Stage 1)
Photo credit: IRRI