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OPPORTUNITY: Call For Proposals – Disaster Risk Reduction in South Asia


START, with funding from CDKN, is pleased to announce a Call for Proposals (CFP) for research on integrating disaster risk reductionDenotes both a policy goal or objective, and the strategic and instrumental measures employed for anticipating future disaster risk; reducing existing exposure, hazard, or vulnerability; and improving resilience (IPCC-SREX, 2014). and climate change adaptation for resilient development in South Asia. We expect to fund up to five research projects of a maximum $110,000 USD for up to 19-months’ duration. The geographical scope of the CFP is Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.

Background

South Asia is prone to disasters spawned or magnified by extreme climatic events, including floods, droughts, heavy downpours, and heat-waves. The frequency and severity of such events is expected to increase significantly with climate changeClimate change is a lasting change in weather patterns over long periods of time. It can be a natural phenomena and and has occurred on Earth even before people inhabited it. Quite different is a current situation that is also referred to as climate change, anthropogenic climate change, or ..., manifested both as direct impacts and indirectly through interacting with other drivers and stressors in coupled human-natural systems. In addition to rapid-onset disasters, slow-onset situations, such as those linked to climate-change induced shifts in drought frequency and rainfallRain is liquid water in the form of droplets that have condensed from atmospheric water vapor and then precipitated—that is, become heavy enough to fall under gravity. Rain is a major component of the water cycle and is responsible for depositing most of the fresh water on the Earth. It ... characteristics interacting with widespread degradation of the natural resource base, further compound vulnerabilityVulnerability. Refers to the magnitude of harm that would result from a particular hazardous event. The concept recognises, for example, that different sub-types of a receptor may differ in their sensitivity to a particular level of hazard. Therefore climate vulnerability defines the extent to ... to disasters.

Actions for managing and mitigating disaster risks have potential for significant overlap with planning processes that build adaptive capacityInherent capacity of a system or population to adjust to climate climate impacts or climate change, to moderate potential damages, exploit opportunities, and cope with the consequences. (UKCIP)The combination of the strengths, attributes, and resources available to an individual, community, ... for climate change, as has been noted in several recent reviews. However, efforts to transition from the current conceptual basis for the convergence of disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptationAdjustments in human and natural systems, in response to actual or expected climate stimuli or their effects, that moderate harm or exploit beneficial opportunities. (IPPC) (CCAAdjustments in human and natural systems, in response to actual or expected climate stimuli or their effects, that moderate harm or exploit beneficial opportunities. (IPPC)) towards operationalizing concepts into actions that integrate the two spheres have been meager. Overcoming obstacles to integrating DRRDenotes both a policy goal or objective, and the strategic and instrumental measures employed for anticipating future disaster risk; reducing existing exposure, hazard, or vulnerability; and improving resilience (IPCC-SREX, 2014). and CCA requires, amongst other factors, better understanding of policy and institutional capacities across multiple levels and sectors, knowledge and communication needs and decision-making priorities of various stakeholderThe stakeholder is a person, group, or entity who has a direct or indirect role and interest in the goals or objectives and implementation of a program/intervention and/or its evaluation. (Glossary Monitoring and Evaluation Terms; MERG Monitoring & Evaluation Reference Group and UNAIDS) groups, and governance strengths and deficiencies that shape responses and outcomes. It is with the imperative to improve understanding of these critical factors and linkages that START with support from CDKN is offering this CFP.

In addition to this CFP, CDKN issued a global pilot research call on Climate Compatible DevelopmentClimate compatible development is development that minimises the harm caused by climate impacts, while maximising the many human development opportunities presented by transitions to a low emissions, resilient future. Charting a path towards climate compatible development will be a major ... (CCD) and AgricultureCultivation of the ground and harvesting of crops and handling of livestock, the primary function is the provision of food and feed. in January 2011; this funded 4 projects for a total of 800,000 GBP. A regional research call for South East Asia is ongoing, and funding 5 projects for a total of 400,000 GBP. A regional research call in Africa will co-fund 10-12 projects for a total of 450,000 GBP. CDKN’s main global research call was issued in September 2011, and will fund up to 8-10 projects from a fund of 4 million. Details of the all of these calls are available on the CDKN website (www.cdkn.org).

Research theme and sub-themes

This CFP seeks collaborative research in the area of adaptive capacity, climate change, and disaster risk reductionReduction of the likelihood over a specified time period of severe alterations in the normal functioning of a community or a society due to hazardous physical events interacting with vulnerable social conditions, leading to widespread adverse human, material, economic, or environmental effects ... in South Asia under the theme of integrating disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptationAdjustments in human and natural systems, in response to actual or expected climate stimuli or their effects, that moderate harm or exploit beneficial opportunities. (IPPC) for resilient development.

Under this broad research theme, the sub-themes specific to this CFP are:

  • Institutional arrangements and governance structures that influence the degree of flexibility and sustainabilityIn order to survive, all life, including human life, depends either directly or indirectly on the natural environment. Sustainability is a principle where current requirements are met while the livelihoods of future generations are not threatened. of DRR across varying scales.
  • The changing nature of systemic development factors (both endogenousHaving an internal cause or origin: "the expected rate of infection is endogenous to the system." Often contrasted with exogenous. and exogenousHaving an external cause or origin: "technological changes exogenous to the oil industry." Often contrasted with endogenous.) that shape vulnerability to disasters.
  • Policy innovations that promote convergence of DRR and CCA into policy and practice at varying scales.

Implicit in these sub-themes is the need to understand how recent disasters can serve to inform future decision-making and enhance adaptive capacity. What were important failures and successes, and what needs to change in current policies, institutions, and governance structures to build adaptive capacity for disaster risk managementProcesses for designing, implementing, and evaluating strategies, policies, and measures to improve the understanding of disaster risk, foster disaster risk reduction and transfer, and promote continuous improvement in disaster preparedness, response, and recovery practices, with the explicit ... given future climate change? What are key enabling factors for this change to occur? How do responses need to change in anticipation of future climate-related events, and how can appropriate responses be developed given the inherent uncertainties about future change trajectories?

Proposals are expected to demonstrate how the research will address one or more of the research sub-themes within the overall research theme.

DOWNLOAD 2012 APPLICATION FORM HERE

DEADLINE: 29 February 2012at Midnight (2400 hours) US Eastern Standard Time at the International START Secretariat office. Please submit electronically to: proposals@start.org.

For more information about Call For Proposals, contact Sarah Schweizer, sschweizer@start.org.

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